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Think about a natural space that is familiar to you. Open areas around your city, agricultural land around your village, or pastureland in the mountains where you grew up. Think about how they looked in the 1950s or 1960s, or even search for pictures if you don’t...
The relationship between people and nature is an extremely important one, because positive experiences with nature have mental and physical health benefits and they inspire us to live lifestyles that are more in harmony with biodiversity conservation. So, natural habitats in cities help people to live better...
Out of 216,000 plant species that have been described, 600 have gone extinct since Linnaeus, considered the "father of modern taxonomy", created our modern system of classification. Throughout prehistory, plants are known to have gone extinct through natural causes but, surprisingly, extinction for...
Maquis vegetation is a Mediterranean shrubland type thatexpands across the south and west of Turkey, and composes its own habitat type as well as grows in Turkish red pine (Pinus brutia) forests as understory. Maquis habitat occupies about 6 million hectares, nearly 30 % of the Turkey’s...
In times of economic crisis, it may seem eccentric to think about forest restoration, but countries that decide to invest financial, intellectual, and social capital to recover degraded landscapes as a strategy for economic and environmental development have made successful gains. Costa Rica recovered...
Effects and consequences of climate change are starting to become clear, especially in those areas where nature is the main leading element. So it is for mountains and forests, whose exposure and vulnerability to extreme natural events is exponentially increasing. According to estimates, storms have been identified...
Fire has been for centuries a modeler of Mediterranean landscapes in southern Europe. Climate change as well as current trends in land use and landscape changes are triggering extreme fire activity, posing new challenges to the region. Paulo Fernandes explains which are these new challenges, and what...
The coronavirus crisis, as well as the recurrent forest fire crises we experience every year in many areas of the planet, are only the tip of the iceberg of a much larger crisis: our economic system. A system addicted to fossil resources and economic growth at all...
Decades of study have shown and quantified the impact of climate change on forests around the world. Changes in growth patterns, drought induced mortality, and species distribution shift have been observed in many forest ecosystems as well as the additional effects on water availability, increase numbers of...
Alongside wood-based products, forests also produce Non-Wood Forest Products (NWFPs), such as berries, mushrooms, aromatic, medicinal and decorative plant material, nuts, saps and resins. In Europe, collecting NWFPs is an important part of cultural heritage and is closely linked to the recreational function of forests. Moreover, NWFPs...