Local community participation and volunteerism in wildfire area management: a systematic review

Decision-makers in wildfire management are facing increasingly difficult challenges. The active role of local people involved in WFM can eliminate deficiencies because they have experience and direct knowledge about fighting wildfires in Wildland Urban Interface areas.

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Photo: Envato

The study contributes to the development of the perception of what kind of fire management approach can be developed by considering the socio-economic structures of the people living in forest fire regions around the world.

Collecting information from local people about both the region and their firefighting experiences by creating applications based on information technologies will facilitate the operation of the system. Therefore, it is important to focus on these issues in future studies.

It is stated in the study that instead of a top-down and extinguishing-based management approach, a bottom-up and prevention-based management approach should be implemented, based on increasing the income of the people of the region.

As a result of the study, it has been revealed that in some regions there is a traditional knowledge of fire from the past and its importance for the advantages it provides, while in some other regions it has been revealed that the risk of fire has risen due to the increase in the intersection of wildlife and urbanized areas.

It is seen in the study that accepting that each region has its own characteristics, regional policies should be adopted instead of central policies and a more efficient management approach should be provided from the bottom up.

It seems that there is a research gap in determining the economic activities that will help the local people, including forest owners, to reduce forest fires or their effects.

Full reference

Kete, S., 2023. Local community participation and volunteerism in wildfire area management: A systematic review. Turkish Journal of Forestry, 24(3): 251-261. DOI: 10.18182/tjf.1278432

VIASezin Kete
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Sezin Kete
Sezin Kete worked as an inspector in the forestry sector before completing his first master's degree at Istanbul University – Cerrahpasa in the Department of Forestry Economics. After that, he completed his second master's education in the MEDfOR program. His thesis topic in his second master degree about the use of blockchain technology in forestry.