The endemic Mediterranean black pine forests (Pinus nigra Arn.) are a priority habitat for conservation in the European Union. Moreover, black pine forests have a major socioeconomic role in many European areas, as in NE-Spain, where timber production, among other ecosystem services, is very relevant. Climate change poses a great threat to these ecosystems, since this species is not adapted to high intensity fires and is also vulnerable to droughts and pests, factors that are of growing relevance. Certain traditional or customary management practices may not be adequate in the current context to maintain productivity and ensure an adequate habitat conservation.
This handbook reviews the main characteristics of this habitat and its valuable elements to offer best forest management practices that make compatible the different uses and functions, with special attention to climate change adaptation and biodiversity conservation measures. Based on the general rules of sustainable forest management, we provide guidelines for the integration of various conservation measures in silvicultural interventions adapted to various types of forest structures. Specific habitat improvement measures are also detailed for outstanding elements of ecological value.
This publication is one of the final products of Life Pinassa project and is part of a collection of three guides, including a publication on fire ecology and its integration in forest management and another handbook on the conservation of singular stands.
This guide is available in English, Spanish and Catalan.
Beltrán, M., Piqué, M., Cervera, T., Palero, N., Camprodon, J. 2018. Best management practices for the conservation of black pine (Pinus nigra) forests. Making compatible forest production and habitat conservation. Life+ PINASSA Project. Forest Ownership Center, Barcelona. 68 p.